How to use SFTP to securely transfer files over a remote server

Category : Advanced

The SSH file transfer protocol is a network protocol that allows users to view, pass, and navigate files through an encrypted data stream (also known as the Secure File Transfer Protocol).

This tutorial will walk you through the process of moving content between two servers in a safe manner.

You will be needing

  • SSH access
  • Basic skills for working on Linux

Connecting to a server using SFTP

To make sure that you will be able to access the server with SFTP you can first try to establish an SSH connection.

ssh [email protected]  (where X.X.X.X is the IP address of the remote server).

Instead of an IP address, a hostname may be used.

If the link is successful, you should have no problems. In this tutorial, we’ll be using the default SFTP client that comes with the server.

sftp [email protected]

This will establish a connection in default SSH port22. Due to security reasons if the port is configured with a non default SSH port, you can use the oPort option to specify the exact port:

sftp -oPort=2222 [email protected]

Depending on the remote server’s SSH authentication procedure, you should be prompted to enter the password for user1 or the password for the SSH private key loaded on the connecting server.

The command prompt is turned on when the link is connected:

sftp>

Transferring Files with SFTP

You can use the pwd and lpwd commands to find out which are the working folders on the current and remote server:

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sftp> pwd

Remote working directory: /home/user1

sftp> lpwd

Local working directory: /home/currentuser

Using the following command to download a file with the get command.

1sftp> get testfile.txt

The display should look something like this:

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Fetching /home/user1/testfile.txt to testfile.txt

/home/user1/testfile.txt                                                                                                                                                                                100% 3209     3.1KB/s   00:00

We can initiate folder download using the -r option:

1sftp> get -r testfolder

The corresponding upload commands for a file and folder are:

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sftp> put testfile.txt

 

sftp> put -r testfile.txt